From the ubiquitous Bitcoin and Ethereum to the whimsical Dogecoin and stable Tether, the crypto domain boasts an array of thousands of distinct digital currencies. For those embarking on their initial foray into this sphere, we unveil the elite league: the top 10 cryptocurrencies, ranked by their market capitalization – the total valuation of all coins presently in circulation.
Price on August 6, 2023: $28,971
Market Capitalization: $564 billion
Founded in 2009 courtesy of Satoshi Nakamoto, Bitcoin (BTC) stands as the pioneer among cryptocurrencies. Like its counterparts, BTC operates on a blockchain, utilizing a distributed network of thousands of computers to record transactions on a ledger. The security against malfeasance is upheld through a process known as proof of work, which entails verifying additions to the decentralized ledger by solving cryptographic puzzles.
Bitcoin's fame has propelled its value to meteoric heights. Back in May 2016, a solitary Bitcoin could be acquired for approximately $500. Fast forward to August 1, 2023, and the price of a single Bitcoin had surged to around $28,865, signifying an astounding growth of 5,673%.
Price on August 6, 2023: $1829
Market Capitalization: $220 billion
Ethereum, functioning as both a cryptocurrency and a blockchain platform, garners substantial favor among programmers due to its versatile potential applications. Notably, it offers "smart contracts," which autonomously execute upon meeting specified conditions, as well as non-fungible tokens (NFTs).
Furthermore, Ethereum's journey has been marked by remarkable expansion. Over the period spanning April 2016 to August 2023, its valuation surged from approximately $11 to roughly $1,832, registering an astonishing growth of 16,555%.
Price on August 6, 2023: $1
Market Capitalization: $83.8
In contrast to certain other types of cryptocurrencies, Tether (USDT) stands as a stablecoin, which entails its support by fiat currencies such as the U.S. dollar and the Euro, maintaining a value theoretically equivalent to either of these monetary units. The underlying notion implies that Tether strives for a heightened level of stability compared to alternate cryptocurrencies, earning the preference of investors cautious about the excessive fluctuations witnessed in other digital coins.
Binance Coin (BNB)
Price on August 6, 2023: $243.43
Market Capitalization: $37 billion
Binance Coin (BNB) serves as a type of cryptocurrency employed for trading purposes and covering transaction fees within Binance, which stands as one of the globe's largest cryptocurrency exchanges. Since its inception in 2017, Binance Coin's utility has transcended its initial role of facilitating trades solely on the Binance exchange platform.
At present, it holds the capacity to facilitate trading activities, process payments, and even assist in making travel reservations. Furthermore, it retains the capability for conversion or trading with alternative cryptocurrency forms, such as Ethereum or Bitcoin.
In the year 2017, the value of BNB was a mere $0.10. As of late August 2023, its value had surged significantly to approximately $245, marking an impressive growth of 245,227%.
Price on August 6, 2023: $0.63
Market Capitalization:$33 billion
Engineered by several of the original minds behind Ripple, a prominent entity in the realm of digital technology and payment solutions, XRP assumes a pivotal role within the Ripple network, streamlining the exchange of various currency categories, including conventional fiat currencies and other notable cryptocurrencies.
In the initial months of 2017, the valuation of XRP was a mere $0.006. Fast forward to August 1, 2023, and its price has catapulted to $0.69, translating to an extraordinary surge of 11,395%.
U.S. Dollar Coin (USDC)
Price on August 6, 2023: $1
Market Capitalization: $26 billion
USDC, short for USD Coin, is a widely recognized and popular stablecoin within the cryptocurrency ecosystem. Launched in 2018, USDC is pegged to the US Dollar on a 1:1 basis, aiming to provide the benefits of digital currency while minimizing the price volatility that often characterizes other cryptocurrencies.
USDC is an ERC-20 token built on the Ethereum blockchain, offering efficient and swift transactions, often utilized in various decentralized finance (DeFi) applications, trading platforms, and digital wallets. Its transparent and audited nature is ensured by regular attestations conducted by reputable accounting firms, reassuring users of its backing by real US Dollar reserves.
This stability and transparency have contributed to its widespread adoption, serving as a bridge between the traditional financial world and the crypto world.
As a stablecoin, USDC is designed to minimize price fluctuations, making it a popular choice for traders and investors looking to temporarily park their assets during times of heightened volatility.
Its transparent nature, backed by regular audits, provides users with a level of confidence in its value preservation mechanism. USDC has found utility beyond trading, being employed in decentralized finance (DeFi) applications, remittances, and as a bridge between traditional financial systems and the emerging blockchain space.
Its growing integration into various financial products and services underscores its significance as a stable and versatile digital asset, contributing to the broader adoption and acceptance of cryptocurrencies in mainstream finance.
Price on August 6, 2023: $0.075
Market Capitalization: $10.5 billion
Emerging as a playful experiment in 2013, Dogecoin quickly morphed into a noteworthy cryptocurrency, propelled forward by a dedicated community and innovative meme culture. Diverging from the norm within the cryptocurrency landscape, Dogecoin distinguishes itself by lacking a predefined limit on its issuance, a characteristic that exposes the currency to potential devaluation as its quantity escalates.
As of August 2023, Dogecoin's value has risen significantly from its humble price of $0.0002 in 2017 to an impressive $0.08, marking an astounding surge of 38,400%.
Price on August 6, 2023: $0.29
Market Capitalization: $10.22 billion
Entering the cryptocurrency arena somewhat later, Cardano (ADA) stands out for its early adoption of proof-of-stake validation. This approach accelerates transaction processing time while reducing energy consumption and environmental impact by eliminating the competitive problem-solving element found in platforms like Bitcoin. Similarly to Ethereum, Cardano facilitates smart contracts and decentralized applications using its native coin, ADA.
In its growth trajectory, Cardano's ADA token has experienced a comparatively moderate expansion in contrast to other prominent cryptocurrencies. In 2017, ADA's value was $0.02. By August 1, 2023, its value had risen to $0.30, marking a substantial increase of 1,425%.
Price on August 6, 2023: $23.27
Market Capitalization: $9.4 billion
Created with the intention of facilitating the functionalities of decentralized finance (DeFi) applications, decentralized apps (DApps), and smart contracts, Solana operates on an innovative combination of hybrid proof-of-stake and proof-of-history mechanisms. This design enables rapid and secure transaction processing, with the platform being driven by its native token, SOL.
From its initial launch in 2020, SOL initiated its journey with a value of $0.77. As of August 1, 2023, it has experienced remarkable growth, reaching approximately $23.37 per token, showcasing an impressive surge of 2,935%.
Price on August 6, 2023: $0.077
Market Capitalization: $6.87 billion
Much akin to Solana, TRON was devised as a blockchain solution tailored to facilitate the execution of smart contracts and an array of DeFi applications. The intrinsic digital currency of the TRON ecosystem is TRX, which empowers the platform's proof-of-stake consensus protocol.
Established in 2017, TRON's inception saw TRX initially priced at $0.0019 per token. At its pinnacle during 2018, TRX witnessed a remarkable upsurge, reaching heights of $0.2245, translating to an astounding escalation of 11,715% over a brief span of months. At present, TRX commands an approximate value of $0.08.